Forest is our treasure
15 October 2019
The forest has always been and still remains to be our common heritage. Here we can restore our physical and mental health, find food, observe the things that are important for our understanding of the world. Trees help to set up our life, giving us everything from building materials to paper. The mankind is concerned about the reduction of forest resources. It stimulated people to do research in the field of forest preservation and regeneration. Below are well-known facts - the results of research works.
- Currently, the area of forestland of our planet is 38 million square kilometers, which is about one third of the whole dry land. The forest is spread over the planet in a very spotty way: most of the forests grow on the South American continent. The forest area there amounts to 11 million square kilometers. Siberia and Canada are also abundant in forests, but such regions as North Africa and central Australia are almost deprived of this resource.
- The forestland is very spotty within one and the same region due to several factors, such as geographic location, socio-economic development of the country, religious beliefs of the people inhabiting it. For example, 70% of the territory of Finland is covered with forests, and the neighboring United Kingdom looks poor in comparison with it, having only 6% of the territory covered with forest. In Kenya there are 800 thousand hectares of forests, while Egypt is completely devoid of it.
- 22% of all the forestland of the Earth is in Russia.
- Siberia is the most woody region of Russia. Taiga forests cover approximately 8 million square kilometers. It is believed that because of the fact that territories in Siberia are so vast there are still places there, where no man has gone before.
- At the moment the largest intact forest area in the world is the Siberian Taiga.
- Every year all the Russian forestland takes up about 18% of the total amount of the Earth's carbon dioxide.
- Every day one hectare of forest takes up the amount of carbon dioxide that two hundred people exhale per day. Even being away in the city and locked in concrete and glass structures, we preserve the permanent connection with all of wildlife.
- The tallest tree in the world is the evergreen bur which grows on the Pacific coast of the USA. Its height is 111 meters, and its age is reaching two thousand years. These trees are considered to be the highest living organisms on Earth. At the moment, their habitat is a narrow strip of land 750 kilometers long and 50 kilometers wide.
- The growth of industry and agriculture reduces the forestland. For example, over the past several thousand years the area of the forestland on the Eurasian continent was reduced by 65%.
- The total amount of fixed carbon in all the forests of the Earth is 650 billion tons. These are natural organic batteries, overmatching the atmosphere of the Earth by corresponding figures. Along with this the forests of the Amazon River take up about one sixth of the all the absorbed carbon dioxide.
- The balance of cut down and restored forests is disappointing. Every year about 95 million trees disappear in the world, which is 15% of the all the forestland. This means that people and all the living things in the world lose about 30 million tons of oxygen, "compensating" for them with 720 thousand tons of active harmful substances.
- The mahogany, better known as the redwood, is highly appreciated as a raw material for the production of expensive furniture as well as expensive and unique musical instruments. Only top musicians can afford to buy such instruments.
- The mankind seemed to find a way how to get rid of the decay of the polyethylene, but instead faced with the increased deforestation for the sake of producing paper packaging, while most of it is not designed for recycling. For example, in the United States only there are about 300 thousand tons of paper waste every month, which means 5 million trees were completely destroyed.
- Every year 50 kilograms of packaging paper is spent on each European.
The continuous spread of market connections, the increase of consumer attitude towards forest resources, together with the growing needs of the mankind result in a slow, rigourous extinction of forests, which play the role of global lungs. Besides, forests are the historical home for our ancestors, as well the actual habitat for a large number of forest species. Sooner or later, all the Earthlings will have to face a difficult choice between preserving the natural heritage of the forest area and the transformation of the planet into a desert. Wildfires contribute to the extinction of forests. The automatic monitoring system Forest Fire Detection is the barrier to forest fire escalation.