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Appointment, composition and key features of the automated system.
Based Forest Fire Detection system is the detection of a fire by the smoke plume (capture and detection of lesion) or by the change of temperature (using infrared cameras). Video monitoring in comparison with other common types of forest monitoring has a number of significant advantages:
Forest Fire Detection is intended for the following tasks:
The program is designed in such a way that the operator is not necessary to monitor the operation of the system clock: the system automatically alerts you of a potential fire, the operator should take measures to eliminate fire.
The monitoring of the forest with high-rise buildings.
Capture and detection of the smoke plume.
Detailing the alarming situation with operational manual viewing of the fire.
Forecasting of development of emergency situations.
Hardware and software complex.
|Integrated system for Forest Fire Detection includes technical equipment, means of continuous communication and flexible software.|
this control network monitoring sensors, comprising: high-rise construction surveillance equipment transmission equipment information equipment power equipment lightning protection and tamper protection.
special software with which the customer carries out forest monitoring in real time and determines the coordinates of the fires. The complex consists of the following subsystems: storage subsystem and conversion mapping information processing subsystem and storing information about the fires subsystem of collection and storage of visual information components integration with adjacent information systems and external data sources the client application monitoring and management system various subsystems (logging, access rights, system administration, etc.
Design, installation and maintenance of the system.
The Forest Fire Detection system is constructed taking into account the landscape and climatic conditions. Integrated flexibility allows you to adapt it for the terrain and weather conditions, install necessary equipment and assign the required tasks and functions. Obnaruzhiteli characteristics of the system depend not only on configuration but also on the parameters of the environment in which it is installed. The ability to see a fire depends not only on configuration but also on parametrov environment in which it is installed.
Example AS Forest fire detection based on SEFI (state experimental forestry institution) Stolbtsy experimental forestry. Developed and implemented the concept of automated system of early detection of forest fires by the visual method. As a result of the passed tender ACS Forest fire detection was carried out phased implementation on the territory of GOLHU Stolbtsy experimental forestry. By results of work the system has earned the confidence of forestry staff and has established itself as a reliable assistant in the detection of forest fires.
Forest fires are rightly considered to be worldwide one of the largest coverage areas by natural disasters. Investigation of fires is reducing the quality and species composition of the forest Fund, ecological functions of forests, transformation of territories covered with forest and partial or total loss of plantations. Annually occurring fires can cover larger and larger areas covered with forests, and the struggle with them involved enormous human and material resources. Forest fire detection is carried out in four main ways: through observation from a specially equipped fire observation towers, masts and other structures; by terrestrial observations; by means of aerial surveillance with the help of special devices; by analyzing information from space. Forest Fire Detection — an integrated forest monitoring system for early detection of forest fires.
Detection of fire at an early stage will make fire fighting easier and safer.